Abreviaciones en campo educativo, médico y profesional
Acrónimos más usados en inglés

Son ampliamente utilizados en las conversaciones diarias de esquina, en aulas de universidades e institutos, por los corredores de clínicas y hospitales, figuran en los medios de comunicación -muchas veces sin ser explicados-, y todo el mundo asume que todo el mundo entiende. Se trata de los acrónimos: "Palabra formada por las primeras letras de las palabras de una expresión compuesta, como por ej., COBOL, Common Business Oriented Language", según define el Diccionario Enciclopédico Pequeño Larousse Ilustrado.

Pero muchas veces estos acrónimos son un verdadero misterio para la gente que los repite sin saber precisamente a qué se están refiriendo y a veces significan variadas cosas en diversos campos. Lo mismo ocurre con las abreviaciones, muy usadas en inglés. Para aclarar el panorama, al menos de los más comunes, va aquí una lista con palabras o expresiones de donde se desprenden.

ABLE Adult Basic Learning Exam
ACT American College Test
ACT Advance Computer Technology (Program)
ACT Advance Corporate Tax
ACT Advance Corporation Tax
ACT Air Cargo Terminal
ADC Aid to Dependent Children
ADP Adult Diploma Program
AGI Adjusted Gross Income
AKA Also Known As
AM Ante Meridiem
ASAP As Soon As Possible
ASAP After School Activities Program
ASE Adult Secondary Education
ASL American Sign Language
ATM Automated Teller Machine
AU Audit
AY Academic Year

BA Bachelor's Degree
BAR Billing and Accounts Receivable
BAR Board of Appeals & Review
BAR Business Account Representative
BA/MT Bachelor of Arts/Master of Teaching
B&B Bed and Breakfast
BC Before Christ / Because
BCE Before the Common Era
BEST Basic English Skills Test
BLT Bacon, Lettuce, Tomato

CBO Community-Based Organization
CC Credit Card

CDBG Community Development Block Grant
CDL Commercial Drivers License
CST Central Standard Time

DD Day (MM/DD/YYYY)
DOC Department of Commerce
DOE Department of Education
DOL Department of Labor

EIC Earned Income Credit
EMAIL Electronic Mail
ESL English as a Second Language
ESOL English for Speakers of Other Languages
EST Eastern Standard Time
ET Extra Terrestrial

FAFSA Free Application for Federal Student Aid
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
FAX Facsimile
FT Family Therapy
FT Full Time
FTE Full-Time Equivalent
FYI For Your Information
FYI Fiscal Year Information

GED General Educational Development
GEP General Export Permit
GIP General Import Permit
GMAT Graduate Management Admission Test (Educational Testing Service)
GM General Manager
GMO Genetically Modified (se usa mucho "Non-GMO")
GOP Grand Old Party (US Republican political party)
GOP General Operating Procedure
GPA Grade Point Average
GRE Graduate Record Examination

HTML Hypertext Markup Language

IN Incomplete
IQ Intelligence Quotient
ISBN International Standard Book Number
IRS Internal Revenue Service
IUT Intra-University Transfer

LEP Limited English Proficiency
LD Learning Disabled
LOA Leave of Absence

MBA Master of Business Administration
MBA Management of Business Administration
MBA Medical Bill Advisor
MBA Message Board Announcements

MD Medicinae Doctor (Doctor of Medicine)
MD Managing Director
MD Manic Depression
MD Marketing Director
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MST Mountain Standard Time
MTD Month To Date

NBPTS National Board - Professional Teaching Standards

OJ Orange Juice
OM Office Manager
OMD Oriental Medicine Doctor

PE Professional Engineer
PhD Philosophiae Doctor (doctor of philosophy)
PHD Professor and Head of Department
PIN Personal Identification Number
PM Post Meridiem
PMS Premenstrual Syndrome
POA Power Of Attorney
POW Prisoner Of War
PR Public Relations
PT Pacific Time
PT Paint
PT Part
PT Part Time
PT Patient
PT Physical Therapist
PT Physical Therapy
PT Physical Training

RFA Request for Application
RIP Rest in Peace
RSVP Répondez S'il Vous Plaît (en francés y en inglés significa: Please Reply; se ve comúnmente en invitaciones)

SAT Scholastic Assessment Test
SBA Small Business Administration
SBA School of Business Administration
SDS Scholarships for Disadvantaged Students
SOS llamado de emergencia MAYDAY, no significa nada por las letras
SPEX Special Purpose Examination
STEP Sequential Tests of Educational Progress

TABE Tests of Adult Basic Education
TBA To Be Announced
TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
VESL Vocational English as a Second Language
VIP Very Important Person
WASP White Anglo Saxon Protestant
WOM Word of Mouth
WTB Want To Buy
YTD Year To Date
XOX Hugs and Kisses

Fuentes: System for Adult Education Support, University of Virginia - Arts & Sciences, www.acronymfinder.com, Acronym Guide

Foto: Archivo

Marzo 2017






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